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Abortion Legalization by State

27/09/2022 | objavio Radio Gradačac

Compared to other developed countries, the procedure is more available in the United States in terms of how late-term abortion can be legally performed. However, when it comes to other aspects such as government funding, non-adult privacy, or geographic access, some U.S. states are much more restrictive. In most European countries, abortion on demand is only allowed during the first trimester, abortions in later stages of pregnancy only for certain reasons (for example, reasons of physical or mental health, the risk of birth defects if the woman has been raped, etc.). The reasons that a woman who requests an abortion after the first trimester may invoke vary from country to country, for example, some countries, such as Denmark, offer a wide range of reasons, including social and economic. [4] Colorado allows abortion until the viability of the fetus, although parents of minors must be informed. In 2020, voters rejected banning abortions after 22 weeks. In April 2022, Colorado lawmakers passed HB 22-1279, which codified the protection of reproductive care, including abortion, and ensured that fertilized eggs, embryos, and fetuses had no personal rights under Colorado law. Nearly 50 years after Roe v. The Wade decision was rendered and the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the decision in 2022 with a decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women`s Health Organization. The case revolved around a 2018 Mississippi law that banned most cases of abortion after the first 15 weeks of pregnancy.

Previously, abortions in Ohio were legal up to 20 weeks after fertilization, although they required mandatory counseling, a 24-hour wait, and an ultrasound. The most important deliberate article of the U.S. Constitution is the Fourteenth Amendment, which states that: On July 1, the state Supreme Court ruled that Texas could also enforce a 1925 abortion ban that would allow civil lawsuits to be filed against someone who assists with abortion. Most states with so-called trigger laws require the attorney general, governor, or legislature to certify that the Roe Court`s opinion actually overturns, involving a delay of up to 30 days before it goes into effect, or both. With Roe now overthrown, a 2019 Georgian law goes into effect that bans most abortions after about six weeks before many people know they are pregnant. There are exceptions for cases of rape or incest if a police report has been filed and a pregnancy has been deemed “medically frivolous” by a doctor. Under Roe, South Dakota banned abortions after 22 weeks, which required counseling and required a 72-hour waiting period. A law signed in March 2022 further restricted abortion drugs. Iowa passed a “fetal heartbeat” law in 2018 that banned abortions as soon as a heartbeat could be detected (about six weeks after pregnancy), which would effectively ban abortions in the state. At the time, the Iowa Supreme Court declared the bill unconstitutional, but Gov. Kim Reynolds (right) and the state`s Republican leaders asked the court (to which Reynolds appointed four justices) to overturn the decision. Whatever the outcome, Iowa lawmakers should pass more restrictive laws than those currently in place.

It seems likely that Kansas will soon introduce additional restrictions on abortion. Several attempts to install stricter regulations (such as a “fetal heartbeat” law) failed, but were crushed by the courts. In April 2019, the state Supreme Court ruled that the right to abortion is guaranteed by the state Bill of Rights (although Roe v. Wade should be overturned). However, abortion opponents have prepared a constitutional amendment that, if passed by the electorate in late 2022, would overturn the Supreme Court`s decision. Indiana was the first state to pass an almost complete ban on abortion after the fall of Roe. The ban came into effect on September 15, but was lifted on September 22. ==External links==Abortion will be illegal once the Attorney General confirms to the Legislative Council that the U.S. Supreme Court has struck roe down.

Prior to the release of the decision, North Dakota Attorney General Drew Wrigley said in a statement that his office was “still investigating his role in the possible implementation of the Trigger Act.” A 1999 Montana law allows abortion to viability, defined as “the ability of a fetus to live outside the womb, or at the 24th week of pregnancy. Exceptions are allowed to save the life or health of the mother. Abortion restrictions passed in 2021 — including banning the procedure after 20 weeks, abolishing telemedicine services for medical abortions, and requiring providers to give patients the opportunity to see an ultrasound or hear a fetal heartbeat — are currently ordered while they are legally challenged by Planned Parenthood. A referendum before voters in November would extend legal personality to infants born “alive” at all stages of development and would require medical care from those born of induced labour, caesarean section or failed abortion. Wyoming has a trigger law that will go into effect after certification by the governor, who will be advised by the attorney general until July 24, 2022 (within 30 days of the Supreme Court`s decision). [20] Abortion is punishable by up to 14 years in prison. [20] Abortions are legal throughout pregnancy. State law protects access to abortion. Iowa allows abortions up to 20 weeks after fertilization and requires ultrasound and parental notification for minors. In 2019, the state passed a law banning all abortions after six weeks, but it was struck down by the Iowa Supreme Court. The status of this law will not change, even if Roe v. Wade is no longer the law of the land.

On April 11, 2019, Ohio passed a “fetal heartbeat” law that banned abortions after six weeks or whenever a heartbeat can be detected. There are no exceptions for cases of rape or incest, but it allows exceptions if the woman`s life is in danger. The Heartbeat Act was amended by Roe v. Wade, but it can now be actively applied. In addition, Ohio Governor Mike DeWine (right) has hinted that this law could soon be replaced by a total ban on abortion. Utah`s trigger law required a state official to confirm that Roe v. Wade had been rescinded so that the law could go into effect. Although this confirmation was made, Planned Parenthood challenged the law in court, resulting in a two-week injunction that allowed abortions to continue legally until mid-July. Delaware law allows abortions up to the viability of the fetus. In June 2022, the Legislature introduced House Bill 455, which would protect Delawares who would receive, provide, or help obtain legal abortions as part of civil lawsuits in other states. It would also allow physician assistants, certified nurses and nurse midwives to perform abortions.

With Roe v. Wade overturned, a trigger law was passed in 2020, making abortion in Utah a second-degree crime punishable by up to 15 years in prison and a $10,000 fine. It came into effect immediately after the Supreme Court`s decision was announced in June. Before Roe v. Wade, Arizona had banned abortion in all cases except when it was necessary to save the mother`s life. This “zombie” law has never been removed from the state`s legal code. However, a new abortion law banning the procedure after 15 weeks was about to come into effect in the fall of 2022.

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