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Social Legal Child Protection

30/11/2022 | objavio Radio Gradačac

Every child has the right to grow up in a supportive family environment. But there are an estimated 2.7 million children living in institutions worldwide – and the real number is likely much higher. Growing up in an institution exposes children to physical, emotional and social harm. Millions of children are on the move. Some are displaced from their homes by conflict, poverty or climate change. Others leave in the hope of finding a better life. Far too many face danger, imprisonment, deprivation and discrimination during their journey, destination or return. Child marriage robs girls of their childhood and threatens their well-being. Girls who marry before the age of 18 are more likely to be victims of domestic violence and are less likely to stay in school. They have poorer economic and health outcomes than their single peers, who end up being passed on to their own children, further straining a country`s ability to provide quality health and education services. UNICEF works in more than 150 countries to protect children from violence, exploitation and abuse. We work with governments, businesses, civil society organizations and communities to prevent all forms of violence against children and support survivors, including mental health and psychosocial services. Our efforts strengthen child protection systems to facilitate children`s access to life-saving social services from birth to adolescence.

We also support governments with policy, legal and regulatory frameworks that give more children access to vital social services and justice. Discover our latest global findings on child protection. Thousands of children are recruited and used in armed conflict around the world. These boys and girls, often referred to as “child soldiers”, suffer from widespread forms of exploitation and abuse that are not fully captured by the term. Warring parties use children not only as combatants, but also as scouts, cooks, porters, guards, messengers, and more. State law requires the following persons to report child abuse as defined in SDCL 26-8A-3, these persons are also referred to as reportable persons: Children experience insidious forms of violence, exploitation and abuse. This is happening in every country and in the places where children should be best protected – at home, at school and online. Violence against children can be physical, emotional or sexual.

And in many cases, children suffer from people they trust. Children exposed to conflict, natural disasters and other humanitarian crises can suffer serious psychological and social consequences. Mental health and psychosocial support for children affected by emergencies are essential. During a humanitarian crisis, we provide leadership and coordination for all actors involved in the response. Our programme focuses on the protection of children from explosive weapons and remnants of war; reuniting separated children with their families; the release and reintegration of children associated with armed groups; preventing and responding to gender-based violence; and the protection of children from sexual exploitation and abuse. We also work with our UN partners to monitor and report grave violations of children`s rights in armed conflict. Social workers are often the first port of call for children at risk. Working closely with children and families, they identify and manage the risks children may face at home and elsewhere, particularly those related to violence, abuse, exploitation, neglect, discrimination and poverty. Harmful cultural practices pose another serious risk in different parts of the world.

Hundreds of millions of girls have been victims of child marriage and female genital mutilation – even though both are violations of internationally recognised human rights. Girls at greatest risk of early marriage are often the hardest to reach. In 2016, UNICEF and UNFPA launched a global programme to address child marriage in 12 of the countries with the highest prevalence and burden of disease. The Child Protection Act describes the legal implications of the CPS and can help the reader understand how a complaint is handled. For more information, visit the Michigan Legislature website and the Child Protection Act – DHS Pub-3. The Alliance is a global inter-agency group that works across humanitarian sectors to set standards and provide technical assistance for child protection. To report child abuse or neglect, please call 877.244.0864. Reception specialists are available Monday to Friday from 8am to 5pm. If you report an emergency before 8 a.m., after 5 p.m., on weekends or while on vacation, please contact law enforcement in your area. Regardless of the circumstances, every child has the right to be protected from violence, exploitation and abuse. Child protection systems connect children to essential social services and equitable justice systems – from birth. They care for the most vulnerable, including children uprooted by conflict, poverty and disasters; victims of child labour or trafficking; and persons with disabilities or alternative care.

Protecting children means, first and foremost, protecting their physical, mental and psychosocial needs in order to secure their future. The Department of Child Welfare Services and law enforcement agencies are required by law to investigate reports of child abuse or neglect. Anyone who knows or has reason to believe that a child has been physically or mentally abused, neglected or sexually abused must report it immediately. When a report on abuse and neglect is assigned, the Department of Child Welfare Services conducts an initial assessment of the family. An initial family assessment is a neutral approach to gathering information about the report. Information is gathered through interviews, observations and document review. If it is determined that the child is unsafe or suffering imminent harm, a family specialist works with the parents on a plan to improve the situation. Normally, a child would not be removed from the home. However, if a child is currently in danger, a judge may order that the child be removed from the situation, or a law enforcement officer may take preventive custody. Economic hardship wreaks havoc on millions of families around the world – and in some places, it comes at the expense of a child`s physical safety.

Nearly 1 in 10 children worldwide is exposed to child labour, nearly half of whom perform hazardous forms of work. Why preventing child maltreatment makes economic sense Protection services are services that respond to reports of child abuse and neglect. This includes receiving and assessing reports, as well as supporting children and families when it is determined that children are not safe. Every child has the right to a legal identity, but a quarter of children born today do not “officially” exist. These children are deprived of birth certificates – their first legal proof of identity – simply because their parents cannot afford to pay for them, cannot reach them, or face another barrier to obtaining information and accessing registration services. Together with communities, we are accelerating the elimination of harmful practices such as child marriage and female genital mutilation. Advising businesses, policymakers and other stakeholders to promote progress towards SDG target 8.7 to eliminate child labour by 2025 Children in humanitarian institutions are particularly vulnerable. During armed conflict, natural disasters and other emergencies, children may be forced to flee their homes, some are torn from their families and exposed to exploitation and abuse. They are at risk of injury and death. They can be recruited by the armed forces. Especially for girls and women, the threat of gender-based violence is increasing. It is an offence for a mandatory reporter not to report child abuse or neglect.

Anyone who has reason to believe that a person under the age of 18 has been abused or neglected may file a complaint. The report is sent to the Department of Social Services, law enforcement or the prosecutor. Treatment services are provided to strengthen and support families and protect children from abuse and neglect. Services are available to families where children are deemed unsafe due to abuse or neglect. Support services include training for families on parenting skills and home management, as well as recommendations for advice and other support. In areas affected by conflict, natural disasters and other emergencies, people trust humanitarian workers to help and protect them. The vast majority do so with professionalism and integrity. But some aid workers abuse their position of power by sexually abusing those who depend on them, including children. In everything we do, we listen to young people to ensure their needs guide our agenda and advocacy. Our initiatives support parents and guardians and form local and global alliances to harness knowledge, raise awareness and promote action. The Alliance for the Protection of Children in Humanitarian Aid, although internationally recognized as a violation of human rights, female genital mutilation (FGM) has been practiced on at least 200 million girls and women worldwide.

Many factors contribute to the prevalence of the practice. Yet in all societies where FGM occurs, FGM is a manifestation of deep-rooted gender inequality. FGM can lead to serious health complications and even death. Female genital mutilation persists for a variety of reasons, including cultural and economic factors that make it difficult for communities to abandon the practice. But it cannot forever resist the voices of survivors who mobilize to change beliefs. UNICEF and UNFPA are working to combat female genital mutilation by working in 17 countries. UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme for the Elimination of Female Genital Mutilation.

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